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The Sacré-Cœur Basilica

The Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris, also known as the Sacré-Cœur Basilica or simply Sacré-Coeur, is a famous religious monument located in the Montmartre district of Paris, France. Sacré-Cœur is not only an important religious site, but also an architectural masterpiece and a symbol of Paris. Its breathtaking beauty and historical significance make it a must-see attraction for anyone travelling to the French capital. It is one of the city’s most emblematic monuments and a popular tourist attraction.

Key things to know about Sacré-Cœur:

History of the Sacré-Cœur Basilica

The idea of building the Sacré-Cœur Basilica dates back to the late 19th century. It was built in response to the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871) and the revolutionary French government – called the Paris Commune – that followed. The conservative French government of the time wanted to create a symbol of penitence and national reconciliation.

Architectural Style of the Sacré-Coeur Basilica

The Sacré-Coeur Basilica is renowned for its breathtaking architecture blending different architectural styles. It is mainly built in the Romanesque-Byzantine style, with a distinctive use of domes and rounded arches. The basilica with its white dome stands out against the Parisian skyline thanks to its brilliant white travertine stone, which remains relatively intact even after more than a century.

Location near Hotel Apolonia

The basilica sits atop the Butte Montmartre which, as the highest point in Paris, offers a panoramic view of the city. Its elevated position makes it visible from many points in Paris.

Inside Sacré-Coeur

The interior of the Sacré-Coeur is just as impressive. Visitors can admire beautiful mosaics and stained glass windows, including a huge golden mosaic of Christ in the apse. The overall design of the basilica aims to create a sense of peace and spirituality.